It is thought the Lincolnshire Buff was created in the 1850’s on Lincolnshire farms and smallholdings from the crossing of the local farm yard breeds and the original Buff Cochin, the Buff Shanghai. The breed was traded in London at one time in the late 19th and early 20th centuries prior to the creation of the Orpington and was popular for its white meat. Unfortunately during the 20th century the breed became very rare perhaps even extinct. Fortunately the breed was brought back in to being from 1986 by Mr Brian Sands of Lincolnshire along with other keen breeders. Brian recovered 1 cockerel and 4 hens from a closing program at Riseholme Agricultural College and later introduced buff Cochin and red Dorking to recreate the breed. Since then a breed society was established in 1995 and a breed standard approved in 1997. The Lincolnshire Buff is a very large, attractive and docile dual purpose breed. A layer of large eggs, the Lincolnshire Buff lays late into the season. The breed can be distinguished from others by its fifth toe, which is derived from its’ Dorking ancestry. Hens make very good brooding mothers due to their large size and brooding instinct. Despite the creation of a society the Lincolnshire Buff has become very rare with very few people breeding the birds. Which is a shame as they are worthy of being perhaps one of our best native all round performers.
Unfortunately the fertility of cockerels is short lived and only sporadic after 2 years of age. The gene pool for Lincolnshire Buffs is also very small so it is not necessary or possible to source completely different lines. However, the New Hampshire Red a breed of very similar appearance is likely to have been used to improve colour and increase the gene pool in the Lincolnshire Buff. The great variation in buff shades of the breed may be testament to this, along with occasional flecking on the neck.
The Lincolnshire buff is a semi-close feathered bird of medium gingery buff colour to throughout. Birds have a medium single comb with 5 or 6 evenly spaced serrations. Eyes are bright orange, face and ear lobes are red, thighs are large and of medium length. Legs are white and may have red-brown markings on the outside front edge of the shanks. The main tail sickles of males are bronze to copper shading to Umber. Female tail feathers are marked with Umber near the end. Umber can also be seen on Male primary wing feathers and the axial, an even coverage along the vane (blade) of each feather would be more desirable. Females may or may not show umber markings to wing feathers.
|Uses:||Moderate to prolific egg layer, table bird, docile pet|
|Management:||Semi-intensive domestic environment. Ideally suited to a secure free range pen in a small/large back garden.|
|Origin:||Lincolnshire, developed around 1860.|
|Class:||Large Fowl, heavy, soft feather|
|Weight, cock:||5 kg|
|Weight, hen:||4 kg|
|Parentage:||Red Dorking, Old English Game, Buff Cochin|
|Brooding Ability:||Goes broody easily and often, makes a reliable brooder.|
|Breed Club:||Lincolnshire Buff Poultry Society|